Review of: Warlords

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On 04.12.2020
Last modified:04.12.2020


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Kepler kannte seinen Chef jedoch besser, Abudi war wirklich der einzige, der über den eigenen Tellerrand hinausschauen konnte. Mit den Malakaler Warlords​. Der Warlord mag zwar charakterlich und militärisch schwach sein. So stellt sich das Phänomen eines Warlords als eine rein negative Kategorie dar: The. Warlords [engl. Kriegsherren] werden Akteure genannt, die unmittelbar vom Krieg profitieren. Da Krieg für viele von ihnen eine existenzielle Lebensgrundlage.

Warlords (Spieleserie)

Kepler kannte seinen Chef jedoch besser, Abudi war wirklich der einzige, der über den eigenen Tellerrand hinausschauen konnte. Mit den Malakaler Warlords​. Erweitere dein Tom Clancy's Ghost The Division 2-Erlebnis mit der Erweiterung Die Warlords von New York Edition. - DE. Warlord kommt aus dem Englischen und bedeutet Kriegsherr. Oftmals verlängern Warlords bewusst den Krieg, weil sie viel Geld durch den Verkauf von​.

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Warlords of Tripoli (Full Length Documentary)

The first appearance of the word "warlord" dates to , when used by American philosopher and poet Ralph Waldo Emerson in a highly critical essay on the aristocracy in England, "Piracy and war gave place to trade, politics and letters; the war-lord to the law-lord; the privilege was kept, whilst the means of obtaining it were changed.

It was not widely used until the s, when it was used to describe the aftermath of the Revolution , when provincial military leaders launched the period that would come to be known in China as the Warlord Era.

Although warlords were present historically in either pre-modern states or "weak state" societies, and in countries designated " fragile states " or " failed states " in modern times, there is a tremendous degree of variance in the political, economic, and societal organization, structure, and institutions of states where warlordism exists.

There is also a divergence of opinion within the field of political science as to what specifically constitutes warlordism, particularly in the context of the historical setting.

There are two major functional distinctions when considering warlords and their relationship with a state.

The first is one in which the warlord functions within the political framework through a degree of bargaining with the state regime so that the warlord, sometimes individually and sometimes in a coalition with other warlords, is acting with the explicit consent of or at least in accord with the regime.

This can be viewed as "cooperative warlord politics". The other is one in which the warlord is operating independently of the state and is viewed as a rebel, insurgent or strategic political competitor of the regime.

This is commonly viewed as "ungoverned warlordism". Warlords can also fall into a hybrid category, temporarily joining a warlord coalition in collusion with the regime or defecting for political expedience—transitioning from one paradigm to the other based upon strategic interests.

The other major consideration in categorizing warlords is through the lens of history. Warlordism was a widespread, dominant political framework that ordered many of the world's societies until the modern state became globally ubiquitous.

Often warlord governance in pre-modern state history was constructed along tribal or kinship lines and was congruent with early perceptions of " nation ".

In colonial empires warlords served in both cooperative political capacities and as leaders of rebellions.

In modern states the presence of warlords is often seen as an indicator of state weakness or failure. American historian David G.

Herrmann noted, "Warlordism is the default condition of humanity. Economist Stergios Skaperdas views warlordism as a default—albeit inefficient—competitive economic model that emerges in states where state capacity is low, but that innately evolves into an institution governing political order that uses violence or the threat of it to secure its access to " rent "-producing resources.

It may actually have a stabilizing effect on a region. In both cases there is an inherent inefficiency in the model, as "resources are wasted on unproductive arming and fighting.

Charles Tilly , an American political scientist and sociologist, theorized that organized crime can function as a means for war and state making.

Political scientist Jesse Driscoll uses the term "redistribution politics" to classify the bargaining process between warlords and the regime in states where cooperative warlord politics prevails, and when that bargaining leads to accords or informal arrangements concerning the extraction of rent—which can refer to natural resources, territory, labor, revenue or privilege.

In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan, Driscoll cites " land reform , property ownership and transfers, privatization in non-transparent closed-bid settings, complex credit swaps cemented via marriages, money laundering , price fixing schemes , and bribery", as principal sources of exchange in redistribution politics.

Noted theorist Max Weber suggested that classic feudalism in pre-modern-state Europe was an example of warlordism, as the state regime was unable to "exercise a monopoly on the use of force within its territory" [8] and the monarch relied on the commitment of loyal knights and other nobility to mobilize their private armies in support of the crown for specific military campaigns.

As noted French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville and political scientists such as E. Under the feudal system of Europe, nobility—whether feudal lords, knights, princes or barons—were warlords in that they served as regional leaders who exercised military, economic and political control over subnational territories and maintained private armies to maintain that status.

While their political power to exercise social order, welfare and regional defense within their territory was derived from hereditary rights or edicts from the monarch, their military strength afforded them independence and strength to negotiate for privileges.

Should the feudal lord or other noble withdraw his support from the king, either in rebellion or to form an alliance with a rival kingdom, that feudal lord or noble was now ascribing to the political order of ungoverned warlordism.

Within political science there is a growing body of research and analysis on warlordism that has emerged within weak states that have gained independence as a result of the collapse of empire.

While warlords are commonly viewed as regional leaders who threaten the sovereignty of a state, there are a number of states where the central government functions in collusion with warlords to achieve its goal of exercising its sovereignty over regions that would otherwise fall outside its control.

In such decentralized states, particularly those where armed groups challenge national sovereignty , warlords can serve as useful allies of a central government that is unable to establish a monopoly over the use of force within its national territory.

As political scientist Dr. Ariel Hernandez documented, one example is the Philippines , where successive presidential administrations—at least since Ferdinand Marcos secured power in —have "franchised violence to regional warlords" to counter the inroads of communist insurgents , Islamic rebels and organized criminal gangs.

This has led to the formation of at least 93 "Partisan Armed Groups", armed militias loyal to regional warlords who, in exchange for their loyalty and willingness to use their private armies to quell the threats from these opposition groups, are granted a degree of autonomy within designated regions, the exclusive right to use violence and the right "to profit from the 'economy of violence' that they establish in their own areas".

Warlordism in Afghanistan—another state where the central government is unable to extend political, military or bureaucratic control over large swaths of territories outside the capital—functions cooperatively within the framework of the state, at times.

The warlords, with their established militias, are able to maintain a monopoly of violence within certain territories. They form coalitions with competing warlords and local tribal leaders to present the central government with a challenge, and often the state will bargain to gain access to resources or " rent ", loyalty from the warlord and peace in the region.

In exchange for peaceful coexistence, the warlord coalitions are granted special status and privileges, including the right to maintain de facto political rule within the agreed-upon territory, exert force to retain their monopoly over violence and extract rent and resources.

In the case of Afghanistan, the state-warlord bargaining sometimes extends beyond these informal accords and elevates to the status of political clientelism , in which the warlords are appointed to formal government positions, such as regional governor; a title which provides them political legitimacy.

It has been shown that during the state-warlord bargaining phase, warlords in Afghanistan have a high motivation to prolong war to create political instability, expose weakness of the central state, prompt regional criticism against the government and continue economic extraction.

In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan , political scientist Jesse Driscoll emphasizes how the collapse of the Soviet Union precipitated the entification of militant, independence-seeking nationalist movements within the republics —particularly within the Central Asian and Caucasus regions—resulting in armed conflict and civil war.

Zudem spielen sie in den Kampagnen handlungs- und spielrelevante Rollen. Daneben existierte eine Ablegerreihe aus dem Genre der Echtzeitstrategie , die unter dem Titel Warlords Battlecry veröffentlicht wurde, sowie ein weiterer Ableger namens Puzzle Quest: Challenge of the Warlords , eine Kombination aus Computer-Rollenspiel , Strategie und Puzzleelementen.

Beschreibung [ Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten ] Die Warlords -Spiele sind in der mittelalterlichen Fantasywelt Etheria angesiedelt, in der verschiedene Fraktionen um die militärische Vorherrschaft ringen.

Kategorie : Computerspielreihe. Namensräume Artikel Diskussion. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel.

The games of the series are noted for the strong AI. The games are set in the fantasy world of Etheria, and tend to be based around the traditional premise of good versus evil , with neutrality in between.

Heroes on the side of good are the Sirian Knights, the mercantile Empires of Men, the elves and the dwarves. The politics of the world, however, are more complicated than they first appear, particularly in the third installment of the series.

For example, the Minotaurs, who were created as servants for Sartek, the Lord of War, are a neutral race rather than an evil one.

Also, the third game opens with the human Empire pillaging and exploiting the newly discovered lands of the peaceful Srrathi snakemen, in an obvious nod to the historical European conquest of the Americas.

Most importantly from a player's point of view, a Hero's race is not as important in determining his or her moral alignment as is his or her choice of class.

For example, while the Undead are evil as a rule, an Undead Paladin would be treated as good though such a thing is only possible in the third game, wherein all previous restrictions on race and class combinations have been removed.

Each clan could either be controlled by the computer or by a human player, allowing up to eight participants taking turns in hot seat play.

Gameplay consisted of moving units, attacking opponent units or cities, adjusting production in cities, and moving hero units to explore ruins, temples, libraries, and to discover allies, relics, and other items.

The goal of the game was to conquer the land of Illuria by capturing or razing at least two thirds of the cities in the land.

This version included five maps although the later released mission pack increased the number. Another new feature was 'fog of war' - optionally, enemy units or even the map could be concealed from players without units close enough to see them.

The interface of the game was improved, as were the graphics with additional unique city graphics for each different player. Moreover, the game featured multiple army, city, and terrain sets still in 16 colours , play by e-mail as well as hot seat, and a random map generator and map editor.

The updated version of the game — Warlords II Deluxe — was released in It allowed for custom tile, army and city sets for maps and provided support for colours.

Thanks to the publication of the editor, Warlords II Deluxe led to an increase of user-created content. Many new maps, army and terrain sets, and scenarios were distributed on the Internet for the game.

The game was released for Microsoft Windows and used new system capabilities to dramatically improve graphics: [4].

The heroes acquired the ability to cast spells to receive the temporary benefit. Each spell has its price expressed in mana points, which became the second after gold resource in game.

The campaign system also became more advanced: the heroes from the previous game of the campaign followed the user to the new game, keeping their experience and items.

The concept of diplomacy was further refined by adding new state of diplomatic relations: Treaty. This state allowed players trespassing each other's cities and winning the Allied victory exterminating all other parties.

Another diplomacy-related feature introduced in Reign of Heroes was the ability to bribe enemies, thus influencing their diplomatic decisions.

The amount of bribe was fine-tunable; the more substantial bribe was, the greater chances of needed decision were. In addition to the previously available multiplayer modes hotseat and play by email the Reign of Heroes introduced the ability to play over network.

It featured the new maps and units and contained the sample graphics to facilitate development of alternative tile, army and city sets.

The plot of the main campaign continued where the previous game had left off. By the time of Warlords III games' releases the real-time strategy game genre was in full-swing, so there was less of a market for turn-based games.

The oncoming rush of first person shooters and first generation MMORPGs also didn't help the popularity of the series.

The turn-based strategy genre in general would take a hit during this period. Die Rolle des Warlords ist stark männlich geprägt, in sehr seltenen Fällen sind aber auch weibliche Warlords belegt.

Der deutsche Begriff Kriegsherr kam in der Neuzeit in Gebrauch und etablierte sich in der jüngeren deutschen Verfassungsgeschichte als Bezeichnung für den legitimen Führer einer Kriegspartei.

Bisweilen bezeichnete das Wort auch einen Heerführer, dem die Kriegführung als Untertan oder Beauftragten des Herrschers eigenverantwortlich übertragen wurde.

Der Kriegsherr unterscheidet sich von einem Feldherrn oder Heerführer insbesondere durch die Befugnis oder Ermächtigung, den Krieg zu erklären und gegebenenfalls durch Waffenstillstand oder Friedensschluss völkerrechtlich bindend wieder zu beenden.

Ein Kriegsherr ist demnach gerade kein Warlord, dessen völkerrechtlich als illegitim betrachtete Stellung nur auf der Macht des Faktischen beruht.

In der Bismarckschen Reichsverfassung wurde die staatsrechtliche Stellung des Kriegsherrn dem Deutschen Kaiser vorbehalten, der als Inhaber der höchsten Befehls- und Kommandogewalt Oberbefehl über die gesamten Streitkräfte des Deutschen Reiches als alleiniger souveräner Kriegsherr fungierte, während die deutschen Bundesfürsten mit der Reichsgründung auf die Befugnis, eigenständig Krieg führen zu können, verzichteten.

Der Titel dieses Artikels ist mehrdeutig. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Warlord Begriffsklärung aufgeführt.

Kategorien : Allgemeine Truppenkunde Warlord.

Die Stellung eines Warlords beruht in der Regel nicht Vikings Free Online Game formellen Befugnissen, sondern auf der faktischen Möglichkeit, aufgrund der ihm Warlords Loyalität bewaffneter Verbände Macht bzw. Kategorien : Allgemeine Truppenkunde Warlord. Demzufolge liegt Kriegsführung nicht mehr nur in den Händen bestimmter Staaten, sondern geht zunehmend auch von parastaatlichen, beispielsweise Minimum Deposit Casino oder auch von einzelnen Akteuren aus. Entdecke die Erweiterung. Warlords Battlecry series Puzzle Quest series. Peter Chan's "The Warlords" is a period epic in every sense of the word. Strategic Studies Group Casino-Aschaffenburg Interactive. WarlordChinese Pinyin junfa or Wade-Giles romanization chün-faindependent military commander in China in the early and midth century. Warlord, deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils kontrolliert oder ein begrenztes Gebiet beherrscht, das der Staatsgewalt entglitten ist. Warlord, deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils. Warlords ist eine Reihe rundenbasierter Computer-Strategiespiele des australischen Spieleentwicklers Steve Fawkner. Fawkner entwarf die Serie während. „Warlords“ treten dort auf, wo der Staat keine Sicherheit bietet, bezie- hungsweise erfüllen einen Bedarf an Sicherheit. Es ist kein Wunder, dass in Afghanistan.

Aber Warlords Einzahlung tГtigen. - Navigationsmenü

Bis zu Beginn des Zweiten Bubbelshooter Krieges gelang es der Nationalregierung nur begrenzt, die lokalen Machthaber unter Kontrolle zu bringen. "Warlords 2: Rise of Demons" is a fantasy strategy battle game and is the sequel to the highly popular "Warlords: Call to Arms". Choose one of 8 races to conquer each territory in the the land of Beneril. Warlords: Epic Conflict, a free online Strategy game brought to you by Armor Games. The spectre of war is returning to Beneril Conduct huge battles and sieges with loads of soldiers. Upgrade your army buying different unit types, improving armour, damage etc, and also your races unique special Power. Conquer the land to win the game. Warlords ruled various parts of the country following the death of Yuan Shikai (–), who had served as the first president of the Republic of China from to Yuan’s power had come from his position as head of the Beiyang Army, which was the only major modern military force in China at the time. Kong Plus. Get more out of your Kongregate experience. Take advantage of ad-free gaming, cool profile skins, automatic beta access, and private chat with Kong Plus. Warlords, a free online Strategy game brought to you by Armor Games. Choose your race and command your army through 25 epic battles to conquer the land. Upgrade and buy extra unit types for your army between levels. Upwards of 50 animated soldiers can be fighting on screen at once!.

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Strategic Studies Group. The heroes acquired the ability to cast spells Free Online Spider Solitaire receive the temporary benefit. In der neueren althistorischen Forschung wird der Begriff teilweise auch für Warlords antike Militärbefehlshaber in der Zeit vor der Spätantike benutzt. The line, which was negotiated between British diplomat and civil servant Mortimer Durand and Afghan Emir Bonus Jeux Khanwas a political boundary drawn in which clearly defined and demarcated the border between Afghanistan and the British Raj. The trade-off becomes protection for extraction, and this Professional League Of Legends framework is common in periphery regions of countries Warlords do not have a strong central government. Retrieved 13 February Diese Personen traten zudem nicht etwa als Gegenkaiser auf, sondern versuchten zumindest anfangs durchaus, sich in die Matrix der Warlords Staatlichkeit einzuordnen, etwa indem sie den Rang eines Heermeisters beanspruchten. The goal of the game was to conquer the land of Illuria by capturing or razing at least two thirds of the cities in Dreh Und Trink land. When people live in a particular region dominated by a warlord, they can choose to flee or live within the political structure the warlords have created. As Driscoll observed, Candy Crush LГ¤dt Nicht "warlords colluded to create a state". Ein Warlord kann seine Position nur erreichen, wenn das Gewaltmonopol des Staates zumindest lokal zusammenbricht. This resulted in conflicts and war among the regional warlords, who all sought to expand their territory and enhance their power. Diese Situation tritt oft im Zusammenhang mit Bürgerkriegen auf. Dies ist nur möglich, wenn der Zentralstaat einem Warlord Autonomie zugesteht oder vielmehr nicht in der Lage ist, das staatliche Gewaltmonopol gegenüber dem Warlord durchzusetzen. Retrieved 21 October


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